All people who are willing to improve their physical condition from beginners to elite athletes looking for complementing their routine.
Water exercise is commonly advocated for people with the following conditions:
- Prenatal / postnatal women
- Back pain
- Knee or hip injury/surgery recovery
- Muscle weakness secondary to chronic or acute injury or illness
- Soft-tissue injury
- Neurological and orthopedic injuries
- Post-surgical debilitation
When strength training, the muscles require rest time in order to repair themselves. If lifting weights, on off-days exercisers are urged to use other muscles or simply rest. Due to the buoyancy of the water, and the lack of impact that joints and muscles receive, many athletes are encouraged to perform pool workouts on off-days. Pool workouts are the alternative to losing out on a day’s worth of exercise time, as they allow for active recovery. Not only can fat burning continue, but the active training can help build muscle quicker while continued conditioning occurs.
Aquafitness is chosen by many professionals from different sectors: fitness centers, hotels and resorts, rehabilitation centers, spa and wellness centers, football clubs for professional athletes and for post-recovery/post-traumatic programs under the supervision of medical professionals.
Individuals who have the following conditions should avoid water-based exercise programs:
- Compromised Respiratory Functions
- Severe Hypotension
- Bladder or vaginal Infections
- Any infectious diseases
- Skin problems, open or unhealed wounds
- Chlorine allergies
- In addition, anyone who is apprehensive about being in water or has a fear of drowning should be excluded from water-based exercise programs. The onset of panic can be quite fast and could cause injury
- Women with pregnancy or postpartum complications
- People with heart conditions: Heart rates are as much as 17 beats slower per minute in water than they are when exercising on land. You can’t gauge the intensity of a workout by the numbers as you can in the gym; you have to continually evaluate how you feel
In general, if you have any doubt about your condition, consult a physician before starting any fitness training program